Direct and indirect objects confuse us partly because we don't understand the REAL functions of verbs--that's a problem. Because English and Spanish are both CODES for reality--the KEY to the codes is REALITY! To understand Spanish, we must understand reality. And we don't. This is my attempt to fix that (a start).
This video covers The Demonstratives -- este, esto, eso -- that stuff. This isn't hard, but it still confused me for a long time. One reason is all the forms. But another reason: bad presentation. In this video, I try to do better.
The Subjunctive is only caused by ONE thing. Not 17. Not 12. Not 2. Just one. One thing causes the subjunctive. There are no rules that govern when to use the subjunctive. There IS a trigger. But only one. The one thing. The one, TRUE cause of the subjunctive--the focus of this video.